This suggests poor diet and lack of exercise - poor lifestyle choices - are mainly to blame, researchers said.
Obesity Crisis: Two Billion People Now Overweight and U.S. Is One of the Fattest Nations on Earth
Participants were divided into five groups depending on their genetic risk to obesity, a fifth being the most susceptible and a fifth being the least. People in the top 'genetic-susceptibility' group were more likely to have a higher BMI than those identified as having a lower risk, it found. But the findings also showed BMI has increased for both genetically predisposed and non-predisposed people since the s. Recognising obesity as a disease would 'help reduce the stigma and discrimination experienced by many people with obesity', thus encouraging them to get medical help, they said.
Most people with obesity will eventually develop complications, such as type 2 diabetes, cancer or heart disease. But those who do not could be considered as not having a disease, the doctors argued. Dr Richard Pile, a GP from St Albans, said the Oxford Dictionary definition of disease 'is so vague that we can classify almost anything as a disease'. Also writing in the BMJ, he argued that recommending a change implies that current strategies in the NHS are doomed to fail. He said: 'It presents a vision of obese people hearing the announcement that obesity is a disease on the radio, getting up off the couch, and heading out of the door for a brisk walk.
Dr Pile said suggested classifying obesity a disease would make people complacent about losing weight.
He said: 'Self determination is vital when it comes to individuals taking control of their lives and making the best decisions for themselves. He told MailOnline: 'Whilst some doctors might worry that labelling obesity as a disease will demotivate people to change their lifestyle, the same argument could be made for many chronic diseases including disease risk factors, for example high cholesterol, and yet we do not blame people for their high cholesterol in the same way that we blame them for their obesity. The only people I know of who choose to become obese are sumo-wrestlers.
In January, the RCP said it wanted to see obesity recognised as an ongoing chronic disease to allow the creation of formal healthcare policies to improve care both in doctors' surgeries and hospitals.
Our obesity crisis and its many different causes | Letters | Society | The Guardian
They said this would improve care, for example by widening access to bariatric surgery, which NHS bosses have been reluctant to fund. It argued that obesity is not a lifestyle choice caused by individual greed 'but a disease caused by health inequalities, genetic influences and social factors'.
A healthy person's BMI - calculated by dividing weight in kg by height in metres, and the answer by the height again - is between For example, if a three-month-old is in the 40th percentile for weight, that means that 40 per cent of three-month-olds weigh the same or less than that baby. Around 58 per cent of women and 68 per cent of men in the UK are overweight or obese.
The term "obese" describes a person who's very overweight, with a lot of body fat. It's a common problem in the UK that's estimated to affect around one in every four adults.
In according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nearly 27 per cent of adults in the United Kingdom were obese, the highest proportion in Western Europe and a 92 per cent increase since And in December the UK was crowned the 26th fattest country in the world. On May 1, , it emerged that Leeds had become the first UK city to report a drop in childhood obesity.
Teaching parents to say "No" to their children helped reverse the trend while kids in primary school were also only offered healthy foods as part of the successful scheme. There are many simple measures that can be taken to prevent childhood obesity, from respecting your child's appetite - and not insisting they finish their meal - to being a good role model, as children learn by example.
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At least 60 minutes of exercise each day is also recommended, along with more sleep and reduced screen time. For the health of the nation, our politicians need to have the guts to put a tax on these unhealthy foods and drinks. Chris Wardle Abergavenny, Monmouthshire. It is no coincidence this is so common in a country with one of the lowest rates of breastfeeding in the world.
In spite of evidence provided to the government, its childhood obesity plan makes no mention of breastfeeding. Peter Greaves London. Certainly, we have a problem with excessive sugar consumption. People admit to only two-thirds of what they actually eat.
How to reduce sugar
Which means most UK adults consume over 3, kilocalories per day — well in excess of what is needed to maintain a healthy weight. So they put on pounds. This is basic biology. This stems from the engagement by President Nixon of Earl Butz as agriculture secretary to save US farmers from disaster in Butz saved the farmers with a new production process for corn syrup.
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